Thesis on job stress

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Thesis on job stress

Introduction Modern businesses are complex and highly competitive consequently employees, management of the organization as well as organization itself under contentious strain to accomplish higher targets Rothmann et al, In recent time's organizations around the world restructuring, outsourcing and downsizing, leaving its workers feeling stressed undervalued and insecure Rothmann et al, Global Thesis on job stress Industry, Sep Stress at work place has been investigated for many years Michailids et al, and lately it has become a major concern due to its effects on employee performance as well as the efficiency and productivity of organizations.

There are many factors that cause stress in work place. They are broadly can be categorized as Individual Level stressors, Group level stressors, Organizational level stressors and non-work stressors.

Japanese people are known to be hardworking and highly committed to their jobs. The word "Karoshi" has been derived because of the hardworking nature of Japanese workers. The word "karoshi" means death from work http: That is occupational sudden death due to stress from work.

Job burnouts are other challenge that American companies are facing. Employees were suffering from chronic heart diseases and other illnesses, mostly due to stress in workplace.

Therefore, it is important for managers, to understand the nature of stress and how it has affected in organizations in United stated and Japan.

Thesis on job stress

Job stress can be defined in different viewpoints. Given below are some of the definitions given by various authors: Koesten, "The adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed on them". Gellis, Johngchun, sung, "How well the individuals social and psychological needs are matched by the work environment" Michalilids et al, Even though different authors have identified Job stress slightly differently, it is clear that the occupational or job stress is something bad for human workers.

Some employers believe that it is necessary to put pressure on their employees so that they will perform well in their jobs. Is there an optimal level of stress and employee performance?

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Positive stress, or eustress, is often reflected in a confident attitude and superior performance" Piscatella, N. D According to a study conducted among executives, it was revealed that there is an optimum level of stress for an employee Gibson, et al, Following picture depicts the relationship between workload and its effects on employee.

Gibson, et al, Virtually any employee may have experienced some type of work overload Cramer, There are two types of work overloads namely, Quantitative Have too many things to complete with in given period of time.

Qualitative Sense of lack of capability needed to perform a task. According to the results of the study, the executive who were in low and high ends of the stress range demonstrated major health issues Weiman, and the optimum level of stress provides the best level of challenge, responsibility and rewards at work which lead to better employee performance.

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Inconsistence relationship among stressors and performance Lepine, et al, Recently, a study called Meta- Analytic test, done by Lepine, Podsakoff, and Marcie, in University of Florida.

It was on two dimensional work stressor it's a stimuli that put demands on the individual frameworks in relation to stressors and performance.

It was revealed that the hindering stressors role ambiguity, hassles, role conflict, red tape etc have a negative direct impact on job performance, and also negative indirect impact on performance through strains and motivation.

On the other hand Challenge stressors workload, job complexity, job demands etc have a positive direct impact on job performance, as well as it offsets indirect effects on performance through negative strain and positive motivation. Organizational Stress Model Any worker in any organization has two sides in their lives.

That is work life and home or family life. When it comes to job stress, it is important to know what factors leads an individual to a stressful situation and what are the outcomes of job stress. In an attempt to develop an organizational stress model that shows the relationship between stressors, stress and its outcomes, the following would help us to explain it better.

According to Matteson, job stress could be caused by organizational, environmental, and individual variables Matteson and Ivancevich, Further Cook and HunskerIn the main, business managers are failing to deal with the problem of work-related stress amongst employees.

Work-related stress is a common problem of modern lifestyle which has spread all over the world and touched almost all vocations (Life, nd, p.1).

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The conceptual framework used in the study was Karasekā€Ÿs () Job Demands- Control-Support (JDC-S) model. Student Employment Opportunities. The ASC and Tutor Clearinghouse are now hiring office interns, peer tutors, study group leaders, resident experts, and more.

In Australia, your PhD thesis is examined by a blind peer review process. This can produce mixed results, as we will hear in this story.

Joanne Doyle is a PhD student at the University of Southern Queensland (USQ) in Toowoomba, Australia. Whether you're guffawing at a sitcom on TV or quietly giggling at a newspaper cartoon, laughing does you good. Laughter is a great form of stress relief, and that's no joke.

A good sense of humor can't cure all ailments, but data is mounting about the positive things laughter can do. A good laugh.

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