Summary[ edit ] In his book The World Is Flat, Friedman recounts a journey to Bangalore, Indiawhen he realized globalization has changed core economic concepts. Friedman termed the period Globalization 3. Friedman recounts many examples of companies based in India and China that, by providing labor ranging from that of typists and call center operators to accountants and computer programmers, have become integral parts of complex global supply chains ; such companies are DellAOLand Microsoft. Friedman's capitalist peace theory called Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention is discussed in the book's penultimate chapter.
Friedman is one of the most renowned contemporary authors. World wide, he is best acknowledged for his books and articles on technological development, globalization and war affairs, namely terrorism.
His latest publication is the book "The World Is Flat" which has registered immense success with his public. The correct title of the book is "The World is Flat: A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century" and it is an analysis of the stage of globalization across the history, with special emphasis on the twenty-first century.
In writing this book, Friedman makes use of his previous knowledge of the industrial and technological development. In his opinion, the rate at which the nowadays' world evolves it so fast that countries are only left with two opposite alternatives: The World is Flat" because all elements are interconnected and depend on one another.
He emphasizes the significant changes that have taken place in the hi-tech industry during these past few years and severely criticizes those who do not embrace these changes, no matter what their reasons might be.
Several critics have stated that Friedman's book is rather farfetched and unrealistic. The author is highly critical towards those who do not share his view of the world and economy.
Another reason for which the book was criticized is the fact that some specialist believe that the term flat also refers to a flat earth, leading back to the somber time of the Inquisition.
In a nutshell, Friedman believes the world to be flat due to the following ten factors: The author believes that not only was the construction a painful scar on Berlin's face, but it also represented the impediment in worldwide unification as it divided countries.
Now that they were able to travel freely, citizens of different countries could exchange work experiences, knowledge and learn from one another.
By combining all the elements known so far by inhabitants of different countries, the producers could come up with a highly improved final version of the products, all due to liberalization. Even if the flattener is called "When the Walls came down and the Windows went up" Friedman believes that the sequence of events was in fact reversed.
This means that the fall of the Berlin Wall was preceded by the impressive development in the technological industry, namely with communication devices. Netscape lost most its customers to Window's Internet Explorer, but even so it played the most important role in the development of communications and computer linkage.
Netscape, along with the Internet redefined the conventional meaning of computer usage and dramatically increased the number of users. Once able to easily communicate outside territorial boundaries, inhabitants of different nations found it rather convenient to exchange several experiences related to work, entertainment and even commerce.
The local networks, and afterwards the Internet, broadened individual's way of thinking and made them realize that "the value of compatibility was much higher for everyone than the value of trying to maintain your own little walled network. This integration was a huge flattener, because it enabled so many more people to get connected with so many more other people.
Have Your Application Talk to My Application" The subchapter begins with Friedman's presentation of past events in the history of software engineering. He states that after the Internet was invented, most programmers worked together in an attempt to perfect it.
Once this was realized, the developers split into numerous parties, organized themselves into companies and competed against each other on the computer services market.
This course of action is a rather happy one for humankind as it led to significant improvements in the services offered and substantially lower costs. All these multiplied the number of computer and Internet users. Once this technical foundation was in place, more and more people started writing work flow software programs for more and more different tasks" the World Is Flat, Chapter 2, "The Ten Forces That Flattened the World," p.
Specialists in the domain identified several needs of the public and had trained developers code them into computer programs. Then, they realized user-friendly interfaces and began selling the final products to merchants. The products were meant to ease the labor in several fields among which are: Open-Sourcing Self-Organizing Collaborative Communities" Open sourcing is yet another element particular to Internet and computer usage.
It is characterized by the fact that after having completed a task, the software company not only presents its customers with the designed application, but it also offers them the code they have written at the basis of the program.
This way, the customer would be able to change certain features of the code, remove or add new ones to for the application to best meet their demands. Open sourcing has raised significant issues along the years as it fails to recognize the merits of those who worked hard to develop the products.
Friedman believes that all software should be freely distributed to those who desire it. Even more so, in this subchapter, the author states that all coding should be presented along side with the application and everyone should contribute to improving the program.
Outsourcing Y2K" Outsourcing is a more and more common business process nowadays and it takes the form of international business relationships. The most well-known form is that of contracting external companies to employ.
Friedman is a strong supporter of the procedure and believes it to be one of the vital elements in the globalization process. Outsourcing offers inhabitants of different countries the chance to share knowledge, work experience and professional expertise and learn from one another.
Offshoring Running with Gazelles, Eating with Lions Offshoring is yet another relatively new form of international labor. It is similar in meaning with the out-sourcing process. · The simple definition of globalization is the interweaving of markets, technology, information systems and telecommunications systems in a way that is shrinking the world from a size medium to a size small, and enabling each of us to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper, and cheaper than ever before, and enabling the world to reach into each of us farther, faster, deeper, cheaper tranceformingnlp.com Chapter 2 of his book is solely devoted to the identification and definition of these forces, Let us write or edit the essay on your topic "What should managers learn from the book The World is Flat/Tomas Friedman" with a personal 20% tranceformingnlp.com://tranceformingnlp.com The World is Flat Thomas L Friedman.
To Matt and Kay and to Ron. Contents How the World Became Flat One: While I Was Sleeping / 3 Two: The Ten Forces That Flattened the World / 48 Flattener#l. 11/9/89 Flattener #2. 8/9/95 Flattener #3.
Work Flow Software Flattener #4. Open-Sourcing Flattener #5. Outsourcing Flattener #6. Offshoring Flattener tranceformingnlp.com These forces which he aptly refers to as flatters are credited with being the forces or major worldwide events that were central to the increase in globalization, and resulted to a more opened up world by increasing the ease of transfer of information, services and tranceformingnlp.com The ninth world flattener is informing.
Companies like google allowed people from all over the world to collaborate and find a ludicrous amount of information with just one click. The last flattener in the world is flat is “The Steroids”.tranceformingnlp.com Thomas Friedman is the "Foreign Affairs" columnist for The New York Times.
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