Growth Resources in Traditional Psychotherapies Sigmund Freud and the Ego Analysts For a variety of reasons, it is important for growth-oriented counselors, therapists, and teachers to know the traditional psychoanalytic therapies well. Although their central focus is on psycho-pathology and its treatment, many of the traditional therapies have growth thrusts that provide valuable conceptual tools.
Among his many accomplishments is, arguably, the most far-reaching personality schema in psychology: It has been the focus of many additions, modifications, and various interpretations given to its core points. Etymology Freud was a one of a kind thinker. There can be little question that he was influenced by earlier thinking regarding the human mind, especially the idea of there being activity within the mind at a conscious and unconscious level yet his approach to these topics was largely conceptual.
His theoretical thoughts were as original as they were unique. The adult personality emerges as a composite of early childhood experiences, based on how these experiences are consciously and unconsciously processed within human developmental stages, and how these experiences shape the personality.
Not every person completes the necessary tasks of every developmental stage. Stages of Development Believing that most human suffering is determined during childhood development, Freud placed emphasis on the five stages of psychosexual development. As a child passes through these stages unresolved conflicts between physical drives and social expectation may arise.
Oral 0 — 1. Fixation on all things oral. If not satisfactorily met there is the likelihood of developing negative oral habits or behaviors. As indicated this stage is primarily related to developing healthy toilet training habits.
Phallic 3 — 5 year of age: The development of healthy substitutes for the sexual attraction boys and girls have toward a parent of the opposite gender. Latency 5 — 12 years of age: The development of healthy dormant sexual feelings for the opposite sex.
Genital 12 — adulthood: All tasks from the previous four stages are integrated into the mind allowing for the onset of healthy sexual feelings and behaviors. It is during these stages of development that the experiences are filtered through the three levels of the human mind.
It is from these structures and the inherent conflicts that arise in the mind that personality is shaped. According to Freud while there is an interdependence among these three levels, each level also serves a purpose in personality development.
Within this theory the ability of a person to resolve internal conflicts at specific stages of their development determines future coping and functioning ability as a fully-mature adult.
The super ego functions at a conscious level.
It serves as a type of screening center for what is going on. It is at this level that society and parental guidance is weighed against personal pleasure and gain as directed by ones id. Obviously, this puts in motion situations ripe for conflict.
Ego Much like a judge in a trial, once experiences are processed through the superego and the id they fall into the ego to mediate a satisfactory outcome.
Originally, Freud used the word ego to mean a sense of self, but later revised it to mean a set of psychic functions such as judgment, tolerance, reality testing, control, planning, defense, synthesis of information, intellectual functioning, and memory.
Id The egocentric center of the human universe, Freud believed that within this one level, the id is constantly fighting to have our way in everything we undertake.
Critique So where does this leave us? It could have been entitled Ode to the Id. There are many mental illnesses that place the id in the forefront decision making. In particular, there are those whose lives are lived on a totally narcissistic level.
Then there are those with anti-social personalities, psychotic like illnesses, and more. In the world of Freud, it is the neurotic person that is most affected by the principles of his theory. As a result Freud laid out his plan for treatment: The treatment has been in use for many years with many adaptations given to it.Freud, Sigmund.
The development of Freud’s ideas. Major contributions and weaknesses. Talcott () Social Structure and the Development of Personality: Freud’s Contribution to the Integration of Psychology and Sociology. Pages in Talcott Parsons, His developed theory of psychosexual development.
Who was Sigmund Freud and how did his theories become so influential in psychology? He simultaneously developed a theory of the human mind and human behavior, and a clinical technique for helping unhappy (i.e. neurotic) people.
Freud sought to anchor this pattern of development in the dynamics of the mind. Each stage is a progression. the drive for pleasurable sensation is instinctual and a normal part of human development.
rejection or de-emphasis of drive theory and psychosexual stages focus on attachment; interpersonal relationships identified the important of the early mother-infant relationship in facilitating or arresting personality development.
theory of. The id, ego, and super-ego are three distinct, yet interacting agents in the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche. The three parts are the theoretical constructs in terms of whose activity and interaction our mental life is described.
The Freudian Theory of Personality. Sigmund Freud is considered to be the father of psychiatry. Among his many accomplishments is, arguably, the most far-reaching personality schema in psychology: Freud placed emphasis on the five stages of psychosexual development.
As a child passes through these stages unresolved conflicts between. explain the origin of the personality through unconscious moti Freud; personalities arise due to internal conflict between in all information a client is paying attention to at any given t.