Place winners, along with Runners Up and finalists were selected.
Summarize the physical and cognitive changes that occur for boys and girls during adolescence. Explain how adolescents develop a sense of morality and of self-identity.
Adolescence is defined as the years between the onset of puberty and the beginning of adulthood. In the past, when people were likely to marry in their early 20s or younger, this period might have lasted only 10 years or less—starting roughly between ages 12 and 13 and ending by age 20, at which time the child got a job or went to work on the family farm, married, and started his or her own family.
Today, children mature more slowly, move away from home at later ages, and maintain ties with their parents longer. For instance, children may go away to college but still receive financial support from parents, and they may come home on weekends or even to live for extended time periods.
Thus the period between puberty and adulthood may well last into the late 20s, merging into adulthood itself. In fact, it is appropriate now to consider the period of adolescence and that of emerging adulthood the ages between 18 and the middle or late 20s together.
During adolescence, the child continues to grow physically, cognitively, and emotionally, changing from a child into an adult. The body grows rapidly in size and the sexual and reproductive organs become fully functional.
At the same time, as adolescents develop more advanced patterns of reasoning and a stronger sense of self, they seek to forge their own identities, developing important attachments with people other than their parents.
Although adolescence can be a time of stress for many teenagers, most of them weather the trials and tribulations successfully. For example, the majority of adolescents experiment with alcohol sometime before high school graduation.
Although many will have been drunk at least once, relatively few teenagers will develop long-lasting drinking problems or permit alcohol to adversely affect their school or personal relationships. Similarly, a great many teenagers break the law during adolescence, but very few young people develop criminal careers Farrington, These facts do not, however, mean that using drugs or alcohol is a good idea.
The use of recreational drugs can have substantial negative consequences, and the likelihood of these problems including dependence, addiction, and even brain damage is significantly greater for young adults who begin using drugs at an early age. Physical Changes in Adolescence Adolescence begins with the onset of pubertya developmental period in which hormonal changes cause rapid physical alterations in the body, culminating in sexual maturity.
Puberty begins when the pituitary gland begins to stimulate the production of the male sex hormone testosterone in boys and the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone in girls.
The release of these sex hormones triggers the development of the primary sex characteristicsthe sex organs concerned with reproduction Figure 6. These changes include the enlargement of the testicles and the penis in boys and the development of the ovaries, uterus, and vagina in girls.
Boys typically begin to grow facial hair between ages 14 and 16, and both boys and girls experience a rapid growth spurt during this stage. The growth spurt for girls usually occurs earlier than that for boys, with some boys continuing to grow into their 20s.
The age of menarche varies substantially and is determined by genetics, as well as by diet and lifestyle, since a certain amount of body fat is needed to attain menarche.
Girls who are very slim, who engage in strenuous athletic activities, or who are malnourished may begin to menstruate later. Even after menstruation begins, girls whose level of body fat drops below the critical level may stop having their periods.
The sequence of events for puberty is more predictable than the age at which they occur. Some girls may begin to grow pubic hair at age 10 but not attain menarche until age In boys, facial hair may not appear until 10 years after the initial onset of puberty.
The timing of puberty in both boys and girls can have significant psychological consequences. At the same time, however, early-maturing boys are at greater risk for delinquency and are more likely than their peers to engage in antisocial behaviors, including drug and alcohol use, truancy, and precocious sexual activity.
During adolescence, the brain continues to form new neural connections, but also casts off unused neurons and connections Blakemore, As teenagers mature, the prefrontal cortex, the area of the brain responsible for reasoning, planning, and problem solving, also continues to develop Goldberg, And myelin, the fatty tissue that forms around axons and neurons and helps speed transmissions between different regions of the brain, also continues to grow Rapoport et al.
Adolescents often seem to act impulsively, rather than thoughtfully, and this may be in part because the development of the prefrontal cortex is, in general, slower than the development of the emotional parts of the brain, including the limbic system Blakemore, Furthermore, the hormonal surge that is associated with puberty, which primarily influences emotional responses, may create strong emotions and lead to impulsive behavior.
It has been hypothesized that adolescents may engage in risky behavior, such as smoking, drug use, dangerous driving, and unprotected sex in part because they have not yet fully acquired the mental ability to curb impulsive behavior or to make entirely rational judgments Steinberg, The new cognitive abilities that are attained during adolescence may also give rise to new feelings of egocentrism, in which adolescents believe that they can do anything and that they know better than anyone else, including their parents Elkind,p.
Social Development in Adolescence Some of the most important changes that occur during adolescence involve the further development of the self-concept and the development of new attachments. Whereas young children are most strongly attached to their parents, the important attachments of adolescents move increasingly away from parents and increasingly toward peers Harris, According to Erikson Table 6.
One approach to assessing identity development was proposed by James Marcia I know many parents of teenagers will agree (and perhaps find some hope that procrastination may decrease as developmental issues of identity resolve).
(Blogger's Note: This study was Matthew's. Teen Identity - Trend Report of its monthly teen trend reports containing statistics and writing contest prompt responses from teens on real world issues. PART II: STORY THEMES. After taking the survey, students submitted their writing contest essays to tranceformingnlp.com From the qualifying teen essay submissions, several themes emerged.
Controversial Essay topics refers to those debatable issues which are traditionally controversial in nature. Related Articles: Controversial Essay on practice of Feticide – A Heinous Crime Most Controversial Essay Topics. Teenage Pregnancy and Termination of . Issues term papers (paper ) on Identity Crisis in Teenagers: There are many issues that face today's teenagers. Probably one of the most common is the issue of individualism or identity. The teena. Term paper Looking At The Issues Of Teenage Identity Speech English Literature Essay. Print Reference this I will discuss some of the issues that face teenagers in today’s technological society as well as why and how they came about, although the main issue I will be focussing on is all the different elements that control and manipulate young people.
Identity theft is a common crime in America. As many as ten million people a year are victimized by identity thieves. Identity theft occurs when someone uses your personally identifying.
Issues term papers (paper ) on Identity Crisis in Teenagers: There are many issues that face today's teenagers. Probably one of the most common is the issue of individualism or identity.
The teena. Term paper To help you understand your child's adolescence, Les Parrott, Ph.D., a professor of psychology, offers the five most common ways in which teens demonstrate their struggles with identity: Through.
Adolescent Identity Development. printer-friendly. The development of a strong and stable sense of self is widely considered to be one of the central tasks of adolescence . Despite the fact that identity development occurs throughout one's lifetime, adolescence is the first time that individuals begin to think about how our identity may.