Welcome to my Gordon Lightfoot fan site. Although this isn't an official artist's site, I try to accomplish the same thing, and therefore I include all the key elements of such a site.
It is tuned in the same intervals as the violabut an octave lower. Unlike the violin or viola but similar to the double bassthe cello has an endpin that rests on the floor to support the instrument's weight.
The cello is most closely associated with European classical musicand has been described as the closest sounding instrument to the human voice.
Among the most well-known Baroque works for the cello are Johann Sebastian Bach 's six unaccompanied Suites. The cello possibly figures as a member of the basso continuo group in chamber works by Francesca Caccini —Barbara Strozzi — with pieces such as Il primo libro di madrigali, per 2—5 voci e basso continuo, op.
From the Classical erathe two concertos by Joseph Haydn in C major and D major stand out, as do the five sonatas for cello and pianoforte of Ludwig van Beethovenwhich span the important three periods of his compositional evolution.
A review of compositions for cello in the Romantic era must include the German composer Fanny Mendelssohn — who wrote the Fantasy in G minor for cello and piano and a Capriccio in A-flat for cello. Pieces including cello were written by American Music Cente founder Marion Bauer — two trio sonatas for flute, cello and piano and Ruth Crawford Seeger — Diaphonic suite No.
See the comprehensive list of cellists here. In the s, the instrument is found in popular musicbut was more commonly used in s pop and disco music. The earliest depictions of the violin family, from northern Italy c. Contrary to a popular misconception, the cello did not evolve from the viola da gamba, but existed alongside it for about two and a half centuries.
The violin family is also known as the viola da braccio meaning viola of the arm family, a reference to the primary way the members of the family are held. This is to distinguish it from the viola da gamba meaning viola of the leg family, in which all the members are all held with the legs.
The likely predecessors of the violin family include the lira da braccio and the rebec. The earliest surviving cellos are made by Andrea Amatithe first known member of the celebrated Amati family of luthiers.
Although the first bass violinpossibly invented as early aswas most likely inspired by the viol, it was created to be used in consort with the violin. The bass violin was actually often referred to as a "violone", or "large viola", as were the viols of the same period.
Instruments that share features with both the bass violin and the viola da gamba appear in Italian art of the early 16th century. The invention of wire-wound strings fine wire around a thin gut corearound in Bolognaallowed for a finer bass sound than was possible with purely gut strings on such a short body.
Bolognese makers exploited this new technology to create the cello, a somewhat smaller instrument suitable for solo repertoire due to both the timbre of the instrument and the fact that the smaller size made it easier to play virtuosic passages.
The cello's light sound was not as suitable for church and ensemble playing, so it had to be doubled by organtheorbo or violone. AroundItalian players popularized the cello in northern Europe, although the bass violin basse de violon continued to be used for another two decades in France. Despite similarities to the viola da gambathe cello is actually part of the viola da braccio family, meaning "viol of the arm", which includes, among others, the violin and viola.
Though paintings like Bruegel 's "The Rustic Wedding", and Jambe de Fer in his Epitome Musical suggest that the bass violin had alternate playing positions, these were short-lived and the more practical and ergonomic a gamba position eventually replaced them entirely.How to Write a Song | 10 Songwriting Tips from the Pros Back.
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Cello, front and side view. The endpin at the bottom is retracted or removed for easier storage and transportation, and adjusted for height in accordance to the player.