Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. The Athenian Democracy remains a unique and intriguing experiment in direct democracy where the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own right.
Would you like to merge this question into it? MERGE already exists as an alternate of this question. Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it? MERGE exists and is an alternate of. For the rest they were completely different. This means that people did not elect representatives.
Courts were seen as exercising the will of the people.
They were not professional. There were no presiding judges. Jurors received no legal direction and there were no lawyers. For private litigation the victims prosecuted. For public cases anyone could prosecute because they were community cases.
Jury panels were large, from to At one point courts became able to override the assembly. If the court approved, the bill did not go back to the assembly. The court could also annul a law passed by the assembly.
Someone who lost a vote could prosecute both the proposers of the law and the law itself. From BC laws were not made by the assembly, but by juries. The executive did not have political power.
It oversaw administration, but did not play a part in policy making. It executed the wished of the assembly as determined by its vote. Rome did not have something like a US congress either. Bills were voted on by the people in the popular in assemblies, such as the assembly of the soldiers, the assembly of the tribes and the plebeian council.
Bills were originally proposed by the consuls see belowbut became increasingly the initiatives of the plebeian tribunes, the representatives of the plebeians. They were not officers of state. Trials were conducted originally by the consuls and then by the praetors who acted as a chief justice and could command an army and became the second highest officers of state.
They were advised by legal experts jurists. The assembly of the soldiers and the assembly of the tribes acted as courts of appeal until Sulla instituted a special jury for this in 82 BC.
The senate wielded enormous power, but was not an elected body.
It originally, was composed of aristocrats and former senior offers of state. Later it was composed solely of former offers of state, both senior and junior. The senate was the political stronghold of the aristocracy.
The executive was composed by elected magistrates officers of state. This executive was not a centralised like a cabinet or administration. The five types of officers of state the consuls, praetors, censors, who were senior magistrates and the aediles and quaestors who were junior magistrates acted independently within the remit of their offices.
The consuls were the two annually elected heads of the city and the army. Thus, the military was not separated from civilian authority and there was not a separate chief of staff.Compare and contrast Athenian democracy to the Roman republic government?
The only comparable thing in Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic is that bills were voted on by popular assemblies. Compare and contrast Athenian democracy to the Roman republic government? The only comparable thing in Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic is that bills were voted on by popular assemblies.
Get an answer for 'How did Rome's republic differ from Greek democracy? How were they similar?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes. the period of the Roman Republic. Oct 19, · Best Answer: The Athenian Democracy remains a unique and intriguing experiment in direct democracy where the people do not elect representatives to vote on their behalf but vote on legislation and executive bills in their own right.
The Roman Republic was more of a time frame nevertheless was governed by a Status: Resolved. The ancient Roman and Greek civilizations had well-organized political processes that greatly influenced the manner in which later governments were structured in Europe and the United States.
How did the Roman republic differ from Athenian democracy?
Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 16 Answers. What is the difference between the Roman republic and Greek democracy? How did the Roman Republic contrast a monarchy, oligarchy, and direct democracy in ancient history?.