Salah Al-Din died in in Damascus as a poor man, having distributed much of his wealth to his subjects. He was buried in a mausoleum adjacent to Damascus's Umayyad Mosque.
His personal name was " Yusuf "; " Salah ad-Din " is a laqaban honorific epithet, meaning "Righteousness of the Faith. Ayyub provided ferries for the army and gave them refuge in Tikrit.
Mujahed al-Din Bihruza former Greek slave who had been appointed as the military governor of northern Mesopotamia for his service to the Seljuksreprimanded Ayyub for giving Zengi refuge and in banished Ayyub from Tikrit after his brother Asad al-Din Shirkuh killed a friend of Bihruz in an honour killing.
According to Baha ad-Din ibn ShaddadSaladin was born on the same night that his family left Tikrit. InAyyub and his family moved to Mosul, where Imad ad-Din Zengi acknowledged his debt and appointed Ayyub commander of his fortress in Baalbek.
After the death of Zengi inhis son, Nur ad-Dinbecame the regent of Aleppo and the leader of the Zengids. More significantly, he knew the Hamasah of Abu Tammam by heart. Inthe vizier to the Fatimid caliph al-AdidShawarhad been driven out of Egypt by his rival Dirghama member of the powerful Banu Ruzzaik tribe.
He asked for military backing from Nur ad-Din, who complied and, insent Shirkuh to aid Shawar in his expedition against Dirgham. Saladin, at age 26, went along with them.
Saladin's role in this expedition was minor, and it is known that he was ordered by Shirkuh to collect stores from Bilbais prior to its siege by a combined force of Crusaders and Shawar's troops.
Saladin played a major role, commanding the right wing of the Zengid army, while a force of Kurds commanded the left, and Shirkuh was stationed in the center. Muslim sources at the time, however, put Saladin in the "baggage of the centre" with orders to lure the enemy into a trap by staging a feigned retreat.
The Crusader force enjoyed early success against Shirkuh's troops, but the terrain was too steep and sandy for their horses, and commander Hugh of Caesarea was captured while attacking Saladin's unit. After scattered fighting in little valleys to the south of the main position, the Zengid central force returned to the offensive; Saladin joined in from the rear.
Saladin and Shirkuh moved towards Alexandria where they were welcomed, given money, arms and provided a base. He and the bulk of his force withdrew from Alexandria, while Saladin was left with the task of guarding the city.
InShawar was reportedly assassinated by Saladin, and Shirkuh died later that year. Ibn al-Athir claims that the caliph chose him after being told by his advisers that "there is no one weaker or younger" than Saladin, and "not one of the emirs [commanders] obeyed him or served him".
However, according to this version, after some bargaining, he was eventually accepted by the majority of the emirs. Al-Adid's advisers were also suspected of promoting Saladin in an attempt to split the Syria-based Zengids. Al-Wahrani wrote that Saladin was selected because of the reputation of his family in their "generosity and military prowess".
Imad ad-Din wrote that after the brief mourning period for Shirkuh, during which "opinions differed", the Zengid emirs decided upon Saladin and forced the caliph to "invest him as vizier". Although positions were complicated by rival Muslim leaders, the bulk of the Syrian commanders supported Saladin because of his role in the Egyptian expedition, in which he gained a record of military qualifications.
Later in the year, a group of Egyptian soldiers and emirs attempted to assassinate Saladin, but having already known of their intentions thanks to his intelligence chief Ali ibn Safyan, he had the chief conspirator, Naji, Mu'tamin al-Khilafa—the civilian controller of the Fatimid Palace—arrested and killed.
The day after, 50, Black African soldiers from the regiments of the Fatimid army opposed to Saladin's rule, along with a number of Egyptian emirs and commoners, staged a revolt. By 23 August, Saladin had decisively quelled the uprising, and never again had to face a military challenge from Cairo.
Afterward, in the spring ofNur ad-Din sent Saladin's father to Egypt in compliance with Saladin's request, as well as encouragement from the Baghdad -based Abbasid caliph, al-Mustanjidwho aimed to pressure Saladin in deposing his rival caliph, al-Adid. He began granting his family members high-ranking positions in the region; he ordered the construction of a college for the Maliki branch of Sunni Islam in the city, as well as one for the Shafi'i denomination to which he belonged in al-Fustat.
He destroyed the town built outside the city's castle and killed most of its inhabitants after they were refused entry into the castle. It did not pose a threat to the passage of the Muslim navy, but could harass smaller parties of Muslim ships and Saladin decided to clear it from his path.
Several Egyptian emirs were thus killed, but al-Adid was told that they were killed for rebelling against him. He then fell ill, or was poisoned according to one account. While ill, he asked Saladin to pay him a visit to request that he take care of his young children, but Saladin refused, fearing treachery against the Abbasids, and is said to have regretted his action after realizing what al-Adid had wanted.
Prior to arriving at Montreal, Saladin however withdrew back to Cairo as he received the reports that in his absence the Crusader leaders had increased their support to the traitors inside Egypt to attack Saladin from within and lessen his power especially the Fatimid who started plotting to restore their past glory.
Because of this, Nur ad-Din went on alone. The emir of the city had requested Saladin's assistance and was given reinforcements under Turan-ShahSaladin's brother. Consequently, the Nubians departed; but returned in and were again driven off.
This time, Egyptian forces advanced from Aswan and captured the Nubian town of Ibrim. Saladin sent a gift to Nur ad-Din, who had been his friend and teacher, 60, dinars, "wonderful manufactured goods", some jewels, and an elephant.Saladin.
Short Biography, facts and interesting information about Saladin - the life of one of the famous people who lived during the Medieval times. - Salah al-Din Yusuf bin Ayub or Saladin as he more commonly known was born in A.D. The meaning of his Arabic name is "righteousness of the faith." As a child Saladin was a studious boy who studied the Koran as well as poetry.
Al-Malik al-Nasir Salah al-Din aba l-Mussafer Yusuf ibn Ayyub ibn Shadi—or Saladin, as he has been known since his own time—learned diplomacy at his father’s knee. His formal name was Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub.
Salah al-Din was an honorary title that translates as “Righteousness of Faith.” His father, Ayyub, and his uncle, Shirkuh, were both generals in the army of Zengi, the Muslim leader who captured the County of Edessa from the crusaders in al-Malik al-Afdal Najm ad-Din Ayyub ibn Shadhi ibn Marwan (Arabic: الملك ألأفضل نجم الدين أيوب بن شاﺬي بن مروان) (died August 9, ) was a Kurdish soldier and politician from Dvin, and the father of Saladin.
Mar 24, · Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub started out as an officer under his uncle Shirkuh, a commander that answered to the ruler Nur al-Din whose allegiance was to the Abbasid Caliph.  However, he eventually rose through the ranks and unified the Middle East by conquest, becoming a major threat to the Christians in Jerusalem.